Liam Brady
1 / 2

Servos are specialized motors that support precise control. Rather than spinning off to oblivion like a motor, servos let the designer specify exactly where they want the object to rotate to. Most common servos allow for 180º of rotation.

#include <Servo.h>
Servo myservo;

void setup() {

void loop() {
  int val = analogRead(A0);
  val = map(val, 0, 1023, 0, 179);



PIR Motion Sensor

Liam Brady
1 / 2

PIR sensors (or passive infrared sensors) are motion sensors that measure subtle changes in infrared light in the room and register that change as movement. The processing is done on the chip and it outputs a current based on whether or not it detects motion.

int pin = 2;

void setup(){
  pinMode(pin, INPUT);

  pinMode(13, OUTPUT);

void loop(){
  int pirVal = digitalRead(pin);

  if (pirVal == 0) {
    digitalWrite(13, HIGH);
  } else {
    digitalWrite(13, LOW);