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System of Transportation for Autonomous Delivery (STAD)

Personalized Mobility | Projects

  • During the course of this project, we have designed a fully autonomous package delivery vehicle. This device is capable of delivering packages from the post office and delivering them to people’s houses while also picking up packages to be delivered to the post office in almost any location.

    Problem: The delivery industry is slow, expensive, and inefficient, especially today with more and more people shopping online.  Delivery trucks cause traffic especially in urban areas, are energy intensive, raise green gas emmisions, and are time inneficient. 

    Solution: The STAD (System for Transportation of Autonomous Delivery) is an automatic delivery system that does not require human personnel, and it can be optimized to operate at convenient times to cause less traffic and energy spending.  

    Detailed Solution:  The proposed system integrates a self driving package delivery vehicle with small scale drones.  The vehicle drives packages from a warehouse to a destination and from there drones carry the packages to individual houses.  This is an improved system because it is less costly and the truck can drive at night, reducing the impact of delivery trucks (semis, vans, etc.) on traffic and pollution.

    Precedent: We just found a similar idea created by a delivery company called Amp Holdings. They had the idea to launch a delivery drone from a truck parked close to the house rather than launching drones from a central warehouse far away from the house.

    Brainstorming Process: 

    We wanted to do an autonomous device, so we tried to think of things that could be improved by autonomy. We decided that package delivery would benefit the most from this enhancement. The original idea was to have a small truck that would be able to climb up stairs;  this would be a useful device as it would actually be able to deliver the package to the front door instead of somewhere on the side of the road. We did not pursue this idea because we realized that the device was too small and expensive relative to the number of package that it could deliver.

    Our second idea was to have a standard-sized delivery truck that would only sort the packages, while still relying on a human to drive and to deliver packages from the truck to the house. This has the advantage of being faster that having the driver do all the work, but it still requires a person in the truck for it to function.

    Our third idea was to have a system that carries the packages from a big grid, similar to the multi-directional elevator in a coca-cola vending machine. The problem with this is that each row of packages would need to have a separate conveyor belt, which means that the device would have too many moving parts to be practical.

    Our fourth idea was to simply have a large box into which the packages are placed. The one problem with this is that because of wall-effect, the drone would lose power on the side closest to the wall causing the drone to fall to that side. This would mean the drone would be mostly uncontrollable when it went down into the back of the truck to get the packages.


    Our final idea is to have a carousel that lifts the packages up to the top of the truck. The drone then grabs the package and flies to the house. There can be more than one carousel to maximize the truck’s storage space. The drone is mounted on a sliding mount so that it can move into position over each carousel.

    Delivery Steps: 

    1. The STAD gets the packages from the post office

    2. The STAD drives to the next house

      1. The carousel is rotated so that the correct package is accessible

      2. The drone is moved into position over the package, ready to be deployed

    3. The STAD arrives at the house

      1. The drone is dropped onto the package causing the arm to gram the package

    4. The drone flies the package over any obstacles (fences, stairs, people, etc.) to the house

    5. The drone releases the package on the porch of the house

    6. The drone flies back to the STAD

      1. The drone docks with the STAD

      2. The drone’s battery is replaced with a charged battery

    7. The truck leaves the house, repeating the same process from step 2

     

  • During the course of this project, we have designed a fully autonomous package delivery vehicle. This device is capable of delivering packages from the post office and delivering them to people’s houses while also picking up packages to be delivered to the post office in almost any location.

    Problem: The delivery industry is slow, expensive, and inefficient, especially today with more and more people shopping online.

    Solution: The STAD (System for Transportation of Autonomous Delivery) is an automatic delivery system that does not require any drivers.

    Detailed Solution: Our product is a self driving package delivery truck that gives packages to a drone when it reaches its destination, and then the drone carries the package to the door.  The is an improved system because it is cheaper than human labor, and the truck can drive at night, reducing the impact of delivery trucks (semis, vans, etc.) on traffic. Also, with the proper sensors, the truck’s safety performance would not be reduced at night.

    We just found a similar idea created by a delivery company called Amp Holdings. They had the idea to launch a delivery drone from a truck parked close to the house rather than launching drones from a central warehouse far away from the house.


    Our final idea is to have a carousel that lifts the packages up to the top of the truck. The drone then grabs the package and flies to the house. There can be more than one carousel to maximize the truck’s storage space. The drone is mounted on a sliding mount so that it can move into position over each carousel.

     

    Delivery Steps: 

    1. The STAD gets the packages from the post office

    2. The STAD drives to the next house

      1. The carousel is rotated so that the correct package is accessible

      2. The drone is moved into position over the package, ready to be deployed

    3. The STAD arrives at the house

      1. The drone is dropped onto the package causing the arm to gram the package

    4. The drone flies the package over any obstacles (fences, stairs, people, etc.) to the house

    5. The drone releases the package on the porch of the house

    6. The drone flies back to the STAD

      1. The drone docks with the STAD

      2. The drone’s battery is replaced with a charged battery

    7. The truck leaves the house, repeating the same process from step 2